October is National Domestic Violence Awareness Month (DVAM). Domestic violence is a pattern of behaviors used to gain or maintain power & control over a partner.  

Types of Abuse &  Warning Signs

Physical Abuse is non-accidental use of force that results in bodily injury, pain or impairment. This may include being burned, cut, bruised of improperly physically restraint. This type of abuse occurs when your partner throws objects at you, drives recklessly with you in the car, or prevents you from leaving your home. 

Emotional or Verbal 

Emotional or verbal abuse is  behavior that is not physical. It includes verbal aggression, intimidation, manipulation, and humiliation. In 2020, 96% of survivors who contacted the National Domestic Violence Hotline reported experiencing emotional or verbal abuse.

Types of emotional or verbal abuse include your partner isolating you from your family, friends, and other people in your life, humiliates you , or calls you names.


Sexual abuse is non-consensual sexual interaction through coercion, guild, or force. This includes being pressured to engage in sexual activity, or demanding of sexual images or video.

Sexual abuse occurs when your partner forces you to dress in a sexual way you are uncomfortable with, or  involves other people in your sexual activities against your will. Also when your partner  manipulates you into having sex or performing sexual acts especially when you are sick, tired, or physically injured.


Financial abuse is when one partner has control over the other partners’ economic resources, which diminishes the survivor’s capacity to support themselves.

Financial abuse occurs when  one  partner provides you with an allowance, monitors your spending, prevents you from viewing or accessing bank accounts, and deposits your paycheck into an account you can’t access.


Digital abuse is when one partner uses technology, such as texting and social media, to bully, harass, stalk, or intimidated a partner. Digital abuse is often a form of emotional abuse carried out using technology.

Digital abuse occurs when your partner uses smart home technology or social media to track your movements, sends you unwanted sexts, and pressures you to send photos or videos.

If any of the above sounds familiar, you are not alone. Visit our Resources,  or contact the National Domestic Violence Hotline